Grazing Oklahoma: Texas wintergrass

By Rob Cook

Characteristics: Texas wintergrass is a native, cool-season, perennial bunch grass. It is sometimes known as speargrass. Mature height is about one to three feet tall. The leaves are densely packed, up to 1/8 inch wide, can be four to 12 inches long, and have a deep green color during the growing season. The leaves feel like sandpaper when pulled between your fingers from top to bottom. The spear-like seed has a stiff awn that can sometimes be twisted. The twisted awn helps to work the seed into the soil. Texas wintergrass is a favorite among children in the region because the seeds can be thrown like spears, which will attach to the clothing worn by the “target.”

Read about Texas Wintergrass in the February issue of OKFR!